An interesting fact: the first photograph appeared long before the advent of film. Its authorship belongs to Joseph Nicéphore Niépce. Back in 1826, he had to work hard: according to modern researchers, the exposition lasted several days. Instead of film, a pewter plate (an alloy of tin with other metals) coated with bitumen was used … The perfect time to thank the creator of a digital camera.
A sharp jump in the development of photography took place in the middle of the 20th century, and this is primarily due to the human factor. It’s not enough just to take a clear shot – the idea is important. In this article, we will highlight 5 professionals whose work has earned public recognition, as well as colorize their black and white images using a photo editor.
Henri Cartier Bresson
During his life, Henri Cartier-Bresson traveled to many countries: Germany, USA, Belgium, Spain and others. The French photographer often worked with well-known figures — for example, he was invited to create a report on the coronation of the British King George VI. His lens managed to capture the legendary Coco Chanel and the bright Marilyn Monroe.
But Cartier-Bresson himself was interested in a different genre. He liked to get out into the city and catch random moments. The writer Truman Capote, who had the opportunity to become his model, recalled: “He galloped along the sidewalk, like a dragonfly enraged.” Ladies in fancy hats, strict gentlemen — Cartier-Bresson is considered to be the godfather of modern street photography.
Richard Avedon became famous for his unconventional view of things. As a boy, he was drawn to art and intended to devote his life to literature. However, this decision has changed significantly during the service in the American infantry. Avedon worked as an assistant photographer: his duties included shooting comrades. Thus, the formation of a portrait master took place — making frame by frame, he learned to notice the features of facial expressions and brought out unique techniques.
Later, he meets the art director of Harper’s Bazar magazine, Alexei Brodovich, and this meeting becomes the beginning of a twenty-year collaboration. The models had to jump, dance, play in the casino, laugh — the moments captured by Richard Avedon forever entered the chamber of weights and measures of the glossy world.
The heyday of Alexander Rodchenko’s creativity fell on the 20–30s of the last century. After the October Revolution, several areas of avant-garde art became widespread at once. Alexander Mikhailovich is rightfully considered one of the founders of constructivism, which is characterized by strictness and conciseness of forms.
Rodchenko’s photographic experiments are notable for their special dynamics and realism. He preferred unusual shooting angles (such as diagonal compositions), which was often criticized because of this. However, this did not affect his career in any way. He also created over a hundred posters and illustrations for magazines and books, including works by Vladimir Mayakovsky.
The main talent of Sabina Weiss is the ability to convey human emotions. In her opinion, photography should be “simple in terms of composition, but at the same time have the ability to hook you emotionally.” This position can be traced in every work of Weiss, regardless of who is depicted on it — a restless boy or a tired worker.
Sabina fell in love with photography as a little girl. At the age of 8, she spent all her savings on a camera. And although the father, a chemist, supported the interests of his daughter, everyone was sure that she was destined to become a laboratory assistant. But the dreams of the parents were not destined to come true. For the sake of a “frivolous” hobby, Sabina left school and went on an internship in Geneva. Since no one thought about organizing training courses then, she had to learn everything in practice.
Day after day, shooting after shooting, the girl grew up and became the brightest representative of the humanistic school. New York Times, Elle, and even NATO — you didn’t have to worry about the lack of clients. And yet, photographs where she “peeps” at passers-by are of particular value: the cozy atmosphere of the shots, in which, it would seem, there is nothing remarkable, gives off warmth in the viewer’s chest. What could be more amazing?
Never heard this name? Nevertheless, his photos are familiar to every schoolchild. Sergei Levitsky was the personal photographer of the imperial family. 4 generations of the Romanovs posed for him, starting with Nicholas I. Gogol, Turgenev, Ostrovsky, Goncharov, Tolstoy, Herzen and other prominent personalities visited the lens of the daguerreotype apparatus (in 1839 one could only dream of cameras).
Sergei Levitsky stood out for his unusual approach to work. He liked to experiment — as much as technology allowed then. Interesting collages with double portraits (“Herzen against Herzen”) required incredible skill. Also, Levitsky was one of the first to master the retouching of photographs to eliminate defects in the negative. Moreover, he was able to find a way to photograph under electric lighting — the professionals of that time were forced to shoot during daylight hours. Failure after failure, but Sergei Lvovich was able to bring his favorite art to a new level.
Photo coloring software
The fastest way to use online services: computer vision from Mail.ru, Colorize, MyHeritage. In them, the colorization of images is completely automatic, and its results are impressive. However, the capabilities of such platforms do not allow manual correction of the result, cropping, or removing serious defects such as gaps. If the photo is badly damaged, it is better to install a multifunctional editor for image restoration.
In this case, you can use PhotoVINTAGE. The functionality of the program allows you to make automatic colorization, as well as independently change the result. Separately, you can restore an old photo, make color correction and apply filters.