Have you ever gone into your iPhone’s camera settings? If so, then they probably went into a stupor — what do all these terms mean and how to use it?
In this guide, we will understand all the features in order to get the most out of our camera and learn how to shoot like a pro with iPhone!
Go to Settings, then open the Camera section. Here we are met by such a menu.
Well, shall we go in order?
Here we can choose between High Performance and Most Compatible Camera Capture.
High-performance capture saves space by reducing file size and saving them in HEIF format for photos and HEVC for video.
The most compatible format does not compress files and saves them in JPEG/H.264 (photo/video) format.
In most cases, you won’t notice a difference between the two options. But, if you are photographing something with a lot of detail, such as hair, pets, or paintings, a high-performance photo will look grainy at very close magnifications.
By default, the iPhone camera works with High Performance Capture.
How to decide?
If detail is important to you, shoot in the Most Compatible Format.
If you need to save space on your phone, select High Efficiency Format.
Please note that 4K video at 60 fps and 1080p video at 240 fps require support for High Efficiency.
The next item on the list is Video Recording. Here you can pay attention to several important points.
How to choose a resolution?
The numbers 1080 and 720 in 1080p and 720p represent the vertical resolution of the screen, or height in pixels. The more pixels in an image, the clearer it will be.
So a screen resolution of 1920x1080 (two million pixels when multiplied) will be twice as sharp as a resolution of 1280x720 (less than one million pixels).
Meanwhile, the “p” in 1080p and 720p stands for progressive scan (or non-interlaced), a format for displaying, storing or transmitting moving images that has been used on computer screens since the early 21st century. This format can be contrasted with traditional interlaced.
4K is the highest video resolution on an iPhone, but this file will take up the most space: it will be about 4 times heavier than if you record it at 720p.
Frames per second*
* in English “frames per second” — fps (frames per second)
When we record video, not only the resolution is important, but also the number of frames per second.
What is the difference between 24, 30 and 60 fps?
In short: the more frames per second, the smoother the video.
- 24 fps
For a long time, 24 frames per second was the standard frame rate. When they started making movies, they used this frequency, and over time, the picture from the film acquired its own characteristic style. At this frequency, what is happening in the frame looks very moving and realistic, as if for real.
It is at this frame rate that most feature-length films are shot today.
- 30 fps
30 frames per second is six frames more than 24 frames. This means that the device needs to process 25% more of the captured image in the same amount of time. Due to the increase in the number of frames, the picture seems to be smoother.
This is the most common frame rate on TV and the Internet. It is used for live broadcasts — sports events and concerts, as well as for soap operas. Many apps like Instagram use 30 frames per second.
- 60 fps
If you shoot video at 60fps, it will be slowed down to 24fps or 30fps in post-processing to create a smooth slow motion effect.
If you try to do the opposite, i.e. shoot a video at 30 fps and bring it down to 60 fps, it will look like choppy slow motion because you will miss the extra frames.
Since this frequency gives the video the effect of slow motion, it is used to make the picture more cinematic, to highlight the dramatic moments in the film, and to work with the slow-mo effect — slow motion. Also, this frequency is widely used in some HDTVs and in some games.
How to decide?
Depends on your needs and possibilities.
720p, 1080p and 4K are in ascending order of quality. The higher the quality and the number of frames per second, the more space the file will take up.
A lower frame rate looks more fluid, while a higher frame rate looks smoother. However, it is important to remember that a higher frame rate does not always guarantee better video quality.
— 720p HD, 30fpsc — takes up the least space, but the quality is the lowest of the presented;- 1080p HD, 30 fps — takes up more space, but the image will look better. This frequency is often used today on the Internet, including on Instagram;— 1080p HD, 60 fps — takes up even more space due to the frame rate; slow motion effect — the picture will look smoother; — 4K, 24 fps — takes up more memory than 1080p; cinema effect — the picture looks more mobile, like real life;— 4K, 30 fps — a smoother picture than 24 fps + this frequency is often used today on the Internet, including on Instagram;— 4K, 60 fps — takes up the most space, but 4K gives high quality, and 60 fps makes the picture dramatic and smoothest.
If you need a cinematic effect that is characterized by the mobility and realism of the picture, then choose 24 fps. If you want to add drama and depth, choose 60 fps.
It is worth noting that 1080p at 30 fps is set in the iPhone camera settings by default and, in general, is not easy — it is a balance between quality, smoothness and file weight.
Also, in general, it’s not easy for our eyes to tell 1080p from 4K from a comfortable viewing distance. Of course, cinemas require the maximum, but since most of the video is currently viewed on phones, tablets or laptops, this may be overkill for you too.
We recommend using 4K resolution at 30 frames per second. If you have enough memory on your phone to choose the best quality and if you don’t need a dramatic or cinematic effect, this resolution is perfect for you.
And finally, if you just want to capture memories and still save memory on your phone — choose 720p, 30 fps.
What is PAL video format?
Phase Alternating Line or PAL (Phase Alternating Line) is a video format standard used on television in most of Europe, as well as in Africa and Australia.
The alternatives to PAL are NTSC, used mainly in the USA, Canada, Korea, Japan, etc., and SECAM, used in France, Russia, Poland, and other countries.
Why do we need PAL format when shooting video on iPhone?
In short. Let’s say you’ve made a video and it’s supposed to be shown on TV in Australia. If you shot a video in artificial lighting conditions, then the PAL format will help to avoid flickering lights.
The fact is that in the United States, the frequency of alternating current supplied to homes is 60 Hz. Therefore, there is no flicker when recording video at 30 or 60 frames per second under artificial lighting.
But in most countries, the frequency of the supplied current is 50 Hz. As a result, in video, when shooting at 30 or 60 frames per second under artificial lighting (for example, lamplight), we can see flickering.
If you pay attention, then when you turn on the PAL format, you will have 1080p and 4K formats at 25 fps. This helps to avoid flickering.
Auto frequency (weak light)
This feature helps if you are shooting in low light.
When shooting video in a dimly lit room, the phone automatically reduces the frame rate to 24 fps to improve image quality.
Fixing camera modes
Ingoda cameras can switch between themselves, which looks like a small glitch when recording video. This function helps to avoid automatic switching.
We return to the menu of the Camera section and turn to the settings for slow motion video. Everything is simple here.
We have already figured out that 1080p is better in quality than 720p due to the larger number of pixels.
Videos recorded at 120 or 240 fps are then slowed down to 24 fps, so remember: the higher the frame rate, the slower the motion will be. Some math: 120 is 4 times slower, and 240 is 8 times slower.
Stereo sound is a multi-layered and three-dimensional sound. When we watch a video with stereo sound, it seems that it comes from several directions at once.
Videos with stereo sound are more immersive because they sound bigger and better.
The presence of stereo sound means that two separate audio channels are present in the video. When you watch a video with stereo sound on an iPhone, you can hear it coming from two places: from the speaker at the top of the screen and from the bottom of the smartphone.
When should you not use stereo?
If you are filming a video of someone speaking directly to the camera from a fixed position. And also, if you most often watch the captured videos in one earphone, for example, because you do not want to lose vigilance in transport or when driving.
What’s the matter?
The stereo signal is transmitted on two different channels and the data may differ in each channel. An alternative to stereo sound is mono sound. It enters the center and carries the same information in each channel.
If you have a single person speaking in your video from a fixed point, and their speech is the main purpose of shooting, it is better to turn off the stereo sound. Although in most cases the stereo sound is imperceptible, sometimes the separation of the audio is strongly felt.
If you activate this feature, the Camera app will save the last mode you shot in, be it Video or Portrait, instead of automatically resetting to Photo mode.
This feature saves your filter, aspect ratio, lighting, or depth of field settings after you close the camera app.
This feature saves your exposure setting, and an indicator appears in the upper left corner to remind you of the current changes. Click on it and a slider will appear in front of you, with which you can adjust the exposure.
You can turn off Live Photo temporarily when taking a picture, but the Camera app turns the feature back on automatically.
Click the slider next to Live Photo under Save settings to disable Live Photo permanently.
If you enable this feature, the volume buttons can be used to take a series of photos. To do this, you need to press and hold either of the two buttons and you can take many photos without unnecessary movements.
If the function is disabled, then holding one of the volume buttons starts recording video.
Turn this feature on and go to the Camera app. If you point the main camera at any QR code, a notification will appear — click on it and you will be able to follow the link that is linked to this QR code.
Turn on the Grid feature to make it easier for you to use the rule of thirds.
Rule of thirds — this is the principle of composition, which divides the image into thirds (horizontally and vertically) so that we get nine parts — nine rectangles. According to this rule, the picture will be more harmonious and well-composed if we place important parts of the composition along the lines or at their intersection.
Front camera mirror
When you take a photo with the front camera, the final photo is a mirror image of what you originally saw on the phone screen.
If you prefer to see the final image as what you normally see in a mirror reflection, enable this feature.
But keep in mind that other people who see you and your face in a non-mirror image may find these selfies a little weird because they’re just not used to seeing you upside down.
Display out of frame
When you enable this feature, you can see what is outside the frame when taking a photo. This is useful when it is important to capture certain details.
Faster shutter capture
Of course, we want everything to work as quickly as possible. What’s the catch? To take a lot of shots quickly, iPhone may reduce the quality of each photo. Thus, you prioritize speed over quality.
If you disable this feature, your iPhone will take better quality pictures, just not as fast as before.
HDR or High Dynamic Range — extended dynamic range. When you shoot in HDR mode, instead of one photo, the camera takes three: an overexposed photo, an underexposed photo, and another one with a normal exposure.
The best parts of each shot together create an image with greater depth of field and more vibrant colors.
However, these pictures take up more memory on your phone.