Every­one some­times gets bored and bored with the rou­tine of city life. If you have an itch for cre­ativ­i­ty, you can go to nature, tak­ing your favorite cam­era, and try your­self in such a genre of pho­tog­ra­phy as shoot­ing wildlife. He is also a pho­tog­ra­ph­er of birds and ani­mals.

We will try to give tips on how to start shoot­ing wildlife. Going fur­ther, you can get the very pic­tures from the Nation­al Geo­graph­ic mag­a­zine that every­one admires. We imme­di­ate­ly warn you: sit­ting at home will not work.

The pho­to was tak­en using a 400 mm lens, so we see a beau­ti­ful blurred back­ground. Pho­to: Igor Andriyanov, Photosklad.Expert

Theory and practice of wildlife photography

Shoot­ing ani­mals, espe­cial­ly at first, does not require the help of assis­tants and a lot of equip­ment. A wildlife pho­tog­ra­ph­er can be a lon­er, need­ing one cam­era, a lens, and a large back­pack to car­ry his belong­ings. The main use­ful char­ac­ter traits here are — patience, dili­gence and learn­ing.

You don’t always want to crop a pic­ture, even if the main char­ac­ter occu­pies a small part of it. Pho­to: Igor Andriyanov, Photosklad.Expert

It is easy to start shoot­ing in this genre, but there is an impor­tant con­di­tion — you must be an enthu­si­as­tic per­son. If you like to look at the sur­round­ing birds, go to parks — shoot­ing wildlife will be an inter­est­ing hob­by.

Some­times a pro­fes­sion­al pho­tog­ra­ph­er has to go to anoth­er con­ti­nent to take a pic­ture of an ani­mal, spend many hours in the cold, in the rain. Not only do you have to want good shots, but you also have to be will­ing to sac­ri­fice time and con­ve­nience.

When shoot­ing with a tele­pho­to lens, small obsta­cles, such as a net in a zoo, do not affect the image. Pho­to: Igor Andriyanov, Photosklad.Expert

Before you go to pho­to­graph, start study ani­mals. Know­ing their way of life and fea­tures, it is much more inter­est­ing to fol­low them, to look for them.

A wild ani­mal is not a mod­el to be told where to stand and how to look at the cam­era. You need to know what it does, when and where, and wait for the right moment. Every­one will love the shot in which the ani­mal shows its unique behav­ior — for exam­ple, a preda­tor is chas­ing a prey or a bird is feed­ing its chicks in the nest.

A bird feed­ing chicks in a nest is an exam­ple of the char­ac­ter­is­tic behav­ior of an ani­mal. Source: pixabay.com, Nghangvu

The time of day and the posi­tion of the sun are impor­tant. When pho­tograph­ing birds in flight, it is bet­ter to keep the sun behind you, then they will be well lit. Pic­tures of large ani­mals can be more inter­est­ing if the sun is locat­ed on the side or behind the ani­mal itself. You can take pho­tos of birds against the back­ground of dawn or sun­set, then their sil­hou­ettes will be vis­i­ble.

The next secret is start from the places clos­est to you. A park, a zoo, the near­est sub­urbs, eco-trails are the best points of inter­est for this. In them you can meet jays, star­lings, jack­daws, squir­rels and a bunch of oth­er unusu­al things. Some­times a pic­ture of a mush­room can be on the cov­er of a mag­a­zine.

An inter­est­ing shot turned out not in spite of, but thanks to the trees that were clos­er than the thrush. Pho­to: Igor Andriyanov, Photosklad.Expert

It is impor­tant to study pho­tog­ra­phy the­o­ry. For exam­ple, the right com­po­si­tion will do more for your pho­tos than buy­ing the most expen­sive cam­era.

Advice that helps in any busi­ness — need more prac­tice. The more pic­tures you take, the eas­i­er it is to catch the moment and see the angle in which the pho­to becomes more inter­est­ing.

You can use a polar­iz­ing fil­ter to reduce glare. Pho­to: Igor Andriyanov, Photosklad.Expert

Learn from oth­er pho­tog­ra­phers. Now there is the Inter­net, social net­works, appli­ca­tions. There you can find mate­ri­als on any top­ic — the­o­ry, prac­tice and exam­ples.

Edit images. In Pho­to­shop and Light­room, there are dif­fer­ent ways to improve pho­tos, make them more expres­sive. Many birds have bright plumage that can be fur­ther empha­sized in post-pro­cess­ing, and a lit­tle trim­ming will improve the com­po­si­tion. Skills in work­ing with appli­ca­tions allow you to improve pic­tures in oth­er gen­res.

Life hacks for shooting wildlife

Take spare bat­ter­ies with you when you go out into the coun­try­side. After all, there will be no sock­et at hand.

Nature is nature, water and mud are all around, it can snow, so we advise you to attach a pro­tec­tive light fil­ter to the lens, if it gets dirty, use clean­ing prod­ucts.

Many wildlife pho­tog­ra­phers shoot from a perch. This is a spe­cial cam­ou­flage awning or sim­i­lar design. That is, the pho­tog­ra­ph­er, dis­guised, sits still (often for sev­er­al hours) and waits for the appear­ance of the ani­mal. The ani­mal does not see the pho­tog­ra­ph­er and behaves nat­u­ral­ly.

Wildlife photography equipment

Impor­tant for wildlife pho­tog­ra­phy choose the right cam­era. Let’s dwell here in more detail.

The best wildlife sub­jects are birds and mam­mals. All these com­rades have sharp hear­ing, sight and smell, they will not let you close to them. There­fore, we imme­di­ate­ly dis­miss the idea of ​​shoot­ing from a smart­phone.

Mod­ern cam­eras not only take good pic­tures, but they also shoot video, so those things that were pre­vi­ous­ly in vogue and were called video cam­eras will not be use­ful to us either.

We need a spe­cial cam­era that can zoom in on a dis­tant object.

We come to the con­clu­sion that the cam­era will suit us with inter­change­able opticsand tele­pho­to lens for shoot­ing from afar.

For exam­ple, pair­ing the Fuji­film X‑T30 II Body with the Fuji­film XC 50–230mm f/4.5–6.7 OIS II lens allows you to shoot ani­mals that are not par­tic­u­lar­ly shy. With it, you can go to the park, where squir­rels and birds are found, or to the zoo.

Fuji­film X‑T30 II Body. Source: digitalcameraworld.com
Fuji­film XC 50–230mm f/4.5–6.7 OIS II. Source: fotikvderevne.ru

The lev­el of images in this case will not yet be like in Nation­al Geo­graph­ic, but quite decent.

The next stage is seri­ous pro­fes­sion­al equip­ment with six-fig­ure price tags. Here we’re already look­ing at things like the cam­er­a’s burst speed and aut­o­fo­cus speed.

Con­tin­u­ous shoot­ing speed — this is the num­ber of frames per sec­ond that this or that cam­era pro­duces. The more of them, the more chances to catch the moment, to cap­ture a quick event.

aut­o­fo­cus in mod­ern cam­eras has devel­oped so much that many of them them­selves can deter­mine the type of object being shot and focus where required.

In addi­tion to a good cam­era, we also need its cor­rect set­tings. Here, too, some advice can be giv­en.

If you’re still famil­iar with the cam­era, bet­ter read instruc­tions for her. At a min­i­mum, you will know where the main set­tings are, and with a detailed study, you will know the lit­tle things that will be very use­ful in the future.

In most cas­es, we choose track­ing aut­o­fo­cus mode. In order to accu­rate­ly hit a cer­tain sub­ject with aut­o­fo­cus, it is bet­ter to select one focus point.

The sec­ond impor­tant para­me­ter is excerpt, or the time at which the pic­ture is tak­en. The rule is this: the faster the sub­ject moves, the faster the shut­ter speed. The bal­ance here must be found exper­i­men­tal­ly, in prac­tice.

If you are going to process pic­tures on a com­put­er to bring them clos­er to the ide­al or for cre­ative pur­pos­es, shoot in RAW for­mat. jpeg for­matin turn, allows you to save space on media, but it leaves much less room for cre­ative edit­ing.

The rest of the set­tings — for starters, you can leave on the machine.

To reduce blur and make shoot­ing eas­i­er, mod­ern tele­pho­to lens­es and cam­eras are equipped with an opti­cal sta­bi­liz­er. Pho­to: Igor Andriyanov, Photosklad.Expert

Recent­ly, peo­ple are increas­ing­ly think­ing about their prob­lems and for­get about the plan­et on which we live and its inhab­i­tants. The author believes that it will be bet­ter if peo­ple who con­sid­er them­selves high­er beings unite and pay atten­tion to the beau­ty of the sur­round­ing nature. A good cam­era and a skilled pho­tog­ra­ph­er can bring this beau­ty to the mass­es.

The last advice is to respect nature, leave no traces of your activ­i­ties and do not endan­ger your­self and oth­er liv­ing beings.


От Yara

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